Portrait of Hortense de Beauharnais, Queen of Holland, Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson, c. 1805 - c. 1809
Hortense was Napoleon’s stepdaughter. Through her marriage to Napoleon’s brother, Louis Napoleon, she became Queen of Holland in 1806. Their marriage was not a success, and Hortense found Holland a cold and gloomy place. She preferred to live with her sons at Napoleon’s court in Paris, where she had her portrait painted by Girodet, the leading artist of the day.